Posted by tenichols
Posted on February 14, 2015, in AP Language. Bookmark the permalink. 26 Comments.
Alfred Hitchcock’s psychological thriller film Psycho (1960) demonstrates that people often refuse to recognize things that they don’t want to face. Hitchcock develops this thesis by showing that the psychopath, Norman Bates, refuses to accept the fact that his mother is dead and tries to preserve the idea of his dead mother by taking on the role of his mother; Bates also commits murder in his mother’s character in order to avoid the fact that he is the person who actually kills people. The director’s purpose is not only to show that people refuse to accept what they don’t want to face but also make his audience aware of the fact that the crazy things that happened in the film actually happens in real life (since it was based on true stories). The intended audience of Hitchcock’s film are the more mature and grown age groups because it is a thriller which is inappropriate for younger people.
The movie was crazy, although I found the plot really interesting and engaging. It wasn’t as gory as I thought it would be but the suspense made up for it. I personally did not appreciate the suspense that was emphasized by the choice of music/soundtrack of the mid 20th century because it made me really scared the entire time. The whole plot was intense; and the fact that the film is based on true stories makes it that much more scary. I can’t believe that there are actually people in the world who are psychopaths and do the things they do. I never understood what goes on in their minds, which is what I am really curious about.
The movie, Psycho, asserts that we create our own problems that we’re left to cope with ourselves. The movie develops its theme starting with the heroine, Marion Crane, who steals $40,000 and dies in a shower in Bates Motel after deciding to return the money and also shows that Norman Bates copes with his murder of his mother by maintaining her dead body in his home and develops a split-personality disorder to become “half-mother” to cope with her death. The purpose of the movie is to show that people refuse to “see” what they makes them uncomfortable in order to show that people need to solve their problems before it’s too late. The audience of this movie is everyone because of its focus on mental illness and creating our own problems.
I usually stray away from movies from the 20th century, especially if they’re only in black and white, but I really enjoyed this movie. I really enjoyed the story, the plot twists, and the psychological analysis of Norman Bates at the end of the movie. After researching more about the movie afterwards, I really liked how this movie strayed away from the “typical Hollywood” movie during that time period since the heroine died, was about a mental illness, and that there wasn’t exactly a “happy ending.”
Rhetorical Precis: The article “The Epidemic of Facelessness” by Stephen Marche implies that when people interact with each other without being face to face there is a lack of empathy and today in social media, trolls are prevalent sending threats to everyone. Marche supports her claim by mentioning a 2009 study about how the face is linked to feeling empathy and with someone, Marche also says in the article that “A world stripped of faces is a world stripped, not merely of ethics, but of the biological and cultural foundations of ethics.” The author’s purpose of this article is to show her audience that they shouldn’t say anything that they wouldn’t in person in order for people to be kinder and won’t jokingly make threats. The intended audience for this article is everyone who uses social media and those who talk to others using a device, because a majority of the population has at least a phone.
Personal Commentary: I found this article very interesting because today everyone uses social media to talk to each other, and from personal experience I see comments of threats and some that are very abusive. I like how this article gives evidence on how interactions that aren’t face to face lack empathy.
Anthony DePalma, the 62 year old journalist, in his opinion editorial Did a Text Kill My Brother conveys a need to a broader, more descriptive texting law, one that accounts for a reasonable window to read a message. DePalma describes the story of his older brothers death, he was hit by a car–the driver was texting. The authors purpose is to bring light to a exponentially growing problem of todays society. The audience is anyone who drives, or texts, and this is suggested by the topic discussed.
I also believe new laws should be established regarding texting and driving, I’ve heard from friends and adults who’ve had some sort of experience with the issue and it needs to be cleared up. Kids today are peppered with ad campaigns telling students not to text and drive, and there is science to back up how dangerous it is. There is also easily accessible technology to avoid the issue, so the bottom line is, people to need to be mature and responsible enough not to do it. The article describes a sad story, but it’s not a one of a kind.
Alfred Hitchcock, a highly acclaimed director and producer, in his psychological thriller-horror film Psycho (1960) suggests that in everyone, there is a never-ending subconscious clash between good and evil. Hitchcock does this by compelling the audience to feel sympathy for the seemingly-innocent but socially-awkward Norman Bates who has a literal inner battle as he suffers from dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder) and ends up being a murderer. Hitchcock’s purpose is to coerce the viewer into understanding the theory that both good and evil can exist in a single person in order to implement the idea that all the emotions, thoughts, and opinions from Norman Bates can be felt by everyone. As the filmmaker, Hitchcock manipulates the viewers feelings and allegiances to get his point across.
I’ve even taken the time to read synopses and reviews about Psycho but have never convinced myself to watch the film itself. I’ve consider the ideas that maybe it is because it’s from 1960, maybe because it’s in black and white, or maybe simply because it’s never been a priority. The fact that I enjoyed the film as much as I did further justified my reasons for not think any less of films that were made prior to the 21st century or of films that aren’t in color. I found the scene where Arbogast falls down the stairs and much of the other pretend-slashing-of-the-kitchen-knife scenes to be extremely cheesy (probably because the effects weren’t great), but for a film that is about 55 years old, it was great. Also, Alfred Hitchcock is amazing.
“Citizen Kane” by Orson Welles
Rhetorical Précis: Director Orson Welles, in his movie “Citizen Kane”, challenges the wisdom of isolationism, especially that of the U.S. in early World War II. Welles brings up the controversy in a newsreel scene where Charles Foster Kane, the main character, after meeting with Hitler, declares that “there’ll be no war,” and he continues this dispute throughout the story by showing how the growing power and isolation of Kane leads to his death. His purpose in this movie is to convince the American public that they should not let World War II settle itself but rather that they should take action. Welles uses creative techniques in script and camera techniques to interest viewers and makes the story seem more relatable so as to enhance its political message.
Personal Commentary: I found the message of “Citizen Kane” very difficult to find just from watching it. I had to do a little research to figure out what Welles was trying to tell us. The fact that it was released in the midst of WWII was really important. It was released just 6 months before Pearl Harbor was bombed. The US was arguing over whether they should continue isolationism or engage in the war. This movie was a part of the buildup that made Pearl Harbor such a huge tipping point. People were beginning to realize that getting involved in the war might become necessary. I think that watching this movie again would reveal a lot more than I got from a relatively superficial first take.
In the movie, Psycho, Alfred Hitchcock, similar to the Coen brothers in Fargo, claim that we refuse to see things that make us uncomfortable. This is shown in the film when Hitchcock presents the audience with the character, Norman Bates. As the story unravels, Bates’ past is revealed which consists of him killing his mother and his mother’s lover, stealing her body from the grave, and pretending to be her in order for him to preserve her memory. As Bates was very attached to his mother and couldn’t stand seeing his mother give all her attention to his lover, he decided to kill them both. Bates refuses to see what makes him uncomfortable, and that is that his mother is gone and he is the reason for it. And to make up for killing her, he keeps her body preserved and has a dual personality, one of them being the personality of his mother. Hitchcock’s purpose of the film is to show that we tend to avoid things that make us uncomfortable, resulting in a coping mechanism differing from person to person. In the case of Norman Bates, it was to dress up like his mother and act like her. Hitchcock makes the audience really think about the things that make them uncomfortable and analyzes how it affects them.
This movie was amazing to say the least. I really enjoyed it, although it was in black and white. In the beginning there wasn’t really much going on but when Marian finally arrives at the motel, that was when things started to pick up and I couldn’t keep my eyes off of the screen. I was so captivated by Bates and I actually predicted that there was no Mrs. Bates and that he dressed up as his mother but I wasn’t sure why. At the end of the movie, all my questions were answered and I was left extremely satisfied. Because I’ve taken a psychology class, I was actually psychoanalyzing Bates during the entire movie which added a unique aspect to the movie watching experience.
Andy Warhol, artist of Campbell’s Soup Can (1962), implies that mass productions allow many foods to be made while maintaining flavor and long shelf life. Warhol supports his art with individual portraits of each kind of Campbell Soup Cans being created. The Purpose is to advertise the benefits of the product; they’re easy to make, time consuming, cheap, convenient and have large variety. The artist is approaching towards consumers.
This art caught my eye right when I opened up the link. This piece of art is very simple but has a bunch of meanings. It shows how mass production may impact and gain support from many people. I learned to be aware of the different meanings that could be in a piece of art and the meaning behind it is what we interpret it to be.
Nelson Mandela beautifully wrote “Mandela: Long Walk To Freedom,” while it was produced by David M. Thompson and directed by Justin Chadwick, Mandela shows in this film strongly, the great struggles he had to endure in his lifespan, just to reach his ultimate goals, or freedom for him and his people. The way Mandela and Chadwick show this in the film is through Mandela’s main struggles, how the things in life that truly brought him happiness, were taken away from him, such as how Mandela lost his wife’s love while he was in prison, how his firstborn son died, and Mandela could not attend his own son’s funeral because he was in prison, things such as so, etc. Chadwick’s and Mandela’s main purpose for the making of this film was more of an autobiography for Mandela himself, to show the world his real struggles, to let the world know how life really was for him, how he came to be the president, and the great man he was, more of a dedication to his life’s influence with his people. The main audience for this epic film was mainly people who knew of Mandela’s life-long work, such as his political actions and such.
I, myself never knew of Nelson Mandela up until his death was announced in 2013, after then I would hear about him and all that he achieved in life, and his great works. He stands for many of the same ideals I stand for myself, such as freedom for all and peace, equality for all.
Movie: Upstream Color
Upstream Color directed by Shane Carruth is a movie with three roles of events. First is a man whom cultivates worms from blue orchid flowers, seemingly drugs that have hypnosis functionalities and he knocks victims unconscious to make them inhale these worms. These victims are under the control to give away all their money, connected to a pig with the worm later through surgical methods, and then let loose again unwary of anything that happened. This movie centers on a woman who was taken through this process, and living now psychologically connected to her “pig” self. She meets a man, whom also is one of these victims, and they become into a relationship of sorts. Their pig selves have babies, but the lady can’t. She goes into a terrible sense of loss when the piglets are taken by the farmer man, and drowned in the river. These piglets rot in the river, bursting in a blue substance which affects the water that the white orchids grow in, therefore coloring them blue. These now blue orchids are sold through the cultivating man. It’s an entire system to use people to grow these rare flowers and make a profit, compelling the sense of hierarchy and control as though a god. However, the couple search and find the pig farm, killing the Farmer and overtaking the pig farm with the fellow victims (which they all found). This has a chain reaction going to the orchids, in the end, when the Cultivator realizes they are no longer blue and shakes his head. It is a breach of this system, and concluding to a resolution of justice.
It was rather gross seeing the worms grow inside the victims, and the surgery process of connecting to a pig. Also sad to see the piglets rot in the water. Otherwise, the whole process of hypnotism was the most interesting. When the guy made the water seem the best in the world and taking all the money from the banks, it was brilliant in a sense of stealing.
In his article for the Christian Broadcasting Network, David Kithcart informs his audience of the true history of Valentine’s Day dating back to the early Roman Empire. He develops his article by first describing the common items related to this holiday like hearts and roses and then giving the history of the priest named Valentine. Kithcart’s purpose to this article was to inform all readers of this popularized holiday’s origins and how it has developed into modern times. He reaches out to an audience of nearly everybody especially those interested in the history of this lovely day.
I first chose this article because it is the weekend of Valentine’s Day. I actually watched a lot of television dramas that claimed Valentine’s Day was a popularized holiday created by the cynical floral, candy, and greeting card industries. I thought about the validity of their statements. I was getting too deep and so decided to look up an article describing its origins. It is very interesting how it has developed from a saint who died from performing unsanctioned marriages to giving a card to the one you adore. I learned the card was a card Valentine sent to the blind daughter of the judge who sent him to jail. It was signed, “from your Valentine.” This has remained the same throughout history.
The Temptations, in their music album Anthology: The Best of the Temptations (1995), use the song “I’ll Be There” to suggest that “i’ll” be there when “you” are in need. They do this by formatting their song similar to a letter. They give multiple situations and list how they will be there for support when their love is needed. The purpose of this song is to let someone know that they have someone there that loves them and will bear their problems and comfort them. I think there’s a good likelihood that song was aimed toward someone who was close to each of the members of the vocal quintet, however was written to share and spread the love and devotion with their fans.
Today I listened to an album by the Temptations and I am glad I did so. I was surprised to find out that I actually knew and recognized some of their songs. The quintet itself was not made known to me until yesterday when I sat in another of Upward Bound’s social cultural workshops and I was delighted to listen to their music. Like last time, I really enjoyed listening to their songs because they had great lyrics and messages to tell with a great beat and amazing music to complement it. Their voices and harmonies were also very soothing to me and made me love their music even more.
In the 1959 film “Imitation of Life” director Douglas Sirk emphasizes the idea that many want what they don’t have. Sirk demonstrates this idea through two main characters; Lora Meredith, who desperately wants to be a Hollywood star then finally receives fame and is torn from her family and begins to miss her old, humble life, and Sarah Jane, an African-American girl who hates her mother for boring her black and eventually runs away because she is ashamed of not being “like the other white girls”. Sirk intended to convey the moral that you should be careful what you wish for and that life is not perfect but attempting to change who you are will not change that. This movie targets any person who may be interested in changing themselves or following a dream that risks losing people and things you care about.
Originally I thought this movie was going to be boring. Watching it helped me to appreciate old, classic films like these. While watching, one quote really caught me by surprise. It was so deep and heart touching. Sarah Jane has just been humiliated because her mother shows up at her school and the students and teacher realize Sarah Jane is black (as she can pass off as white since her skin color is fair). Sarah Jane’s mother is torn by the thought of her daughter being so embarrassed of her heritage and race and says “How do you explain to your child she was born to be hurt?”
Rhetorical Precis: Yves Klein,a French artist, suggests that there is more to art in one color than there is in many in his piece, the Blue Monochrome. Klein states that the monochrome painting “was an ‘open window to freedom, as the possibility of being immersed in the immeasurable existence of color.'” Klein’s purpose of creating this piece was to have others view his perspective of a perfect world of creativity. The intended audience of his work were others that appreciate such broad ideas of simple beings.
Personal Commentary: Before viewing this piece, I thought it was an error in the website. However, after reading more into it and finding the reason why Yves Klein made such a piece gives me more insight as to what his intentions were. Although it is just a painting that is only covered in blue, the meaning behind it and the type of blue, International Klein Blue, changes one’s naive thoughts as to what it takes to have a good painting.
This article, I Was Groped On The Subway, by Kimberly Matus, writes an anecdote about a groper attacking her on the subway one day and how instead of reacting, she froze up and the situation was only resolved after undercover cops arrested the man and approached her later on. Throughout the article, Matus states how normally she was a silent but strong woman who she expected would react violently when a man attacks the way her groper did. She argued though, in a situation where she was stuck in a crowded place with no way out of the situation, there was little she could do. In my opinion, the purpose for this article is to prepare women and give them reasons to plan for situations like this, also bringing awareness to the amount of sexual assaults women receive on daily basis. Matus writes about how her husband and her planned after the assault what she would do if there was a next time. This tells women that to prevent a first time to even happen, they need to prepare beforehand, to know that asking for help or calling out the attacker is okay. The intended audience for this article, is a warning to all women that verbally attacking an assaulter is okay and definitely the right thing to do.
I personally chose this article mainly because this article can relate to people. Many women think mentally if a groper or an sexual assault is place upon them, they can react to it on the spot. This could be true, but often, women hesitate and freeze up, not knowing what to think about the situation. I feel like this is a much bigger problem that needs to be addressed. Women need to know that calling out their assaulter is the right thing to do, letting them get away is the worst situation because they will do it to another person. Asking for help is also okay, the people around will give a lending hand and help protect women from the attacker.
Opinion Ed- Wildlife Slaughter Goes Unabated
Frank Bruni, in his article “ Wildlife Slaughter Goes Unabated” claims that the illegal poaching of animals will lead to the decrease of biodiversity and the United States Federal Government need to allocate more fund to stop illegal poaching. Bruni supports this claim by giving statistics of how much animals get killed by illegal poaching each year, showing how there is a lack of fund from the U.S government to stop illegal funding and providing examples of how animals like rhinos get poached for their horns. His purpose is to bring awareness to this issue and encourage the United States Federal Government to give more funds to agencies that attempt to stop illegal poaching in order to preserve our wildlife and save humanity from an ecological crisis. The audience for this article is directed at the United States Federal Government, but it is also for anyone interested in preserving wildlife.
I am personally very passionate about preserving wildlife and saving animals from human exploitation. I think that our greed and over consumption as a specie will lead to our own extinction because we are exploiting the environment, nature and killing animals for our own benefit, while not caring about the damage that we inflict on other species. This makes me frustrated because many people in the world don’t see any value in animals and just kill them to make profit. For example, Rhinos are becoming extinct because poachers kill them to get the horn in order to make jewelry and make a lot of money out of it. In the future, I plan to support wildlife preservation movements by donating to agencies that are trying to save wildlife.
Precis: Leonardo de Vinci, an Italian artist, in his painting, The Mona Lisa, implies that even when you are going through tough times there’s always a reason for you to smile to get continue on. De Vinci supports his implications by painting a smile on the Mona Lisa’s face. The artist’s purpose of his painting is to show that when life gives you reason to be sad there’s even more reason for why you should smile through it because being sad will not help you. The audience for the painting would be for people that are interested in art and people that go through tough times.
Commentary: The first time I ever looked at this painting I thought it was just a random painting but after analyzing it and trying to understand what the artist is trying to portray I find it really interesting. Also, I learned that each painting has a different purpose and taking time to analyze it will make you look at everything differently than you normally would.
Diego Rivera, a well known Mexican artist, was commissioned to by
Nelson Rockefeller to paint a large mural, that would be called, “Man at the Crossroads”
This mural was supposed to depict a new and better future. The purpose of the mural was to depict the practices of the past and present, showing biological studies, god, night clubs, and a war torn communist country. Controversy arose when the picture contained Lenin in it.
It was seen as Anti imperialist propaganda by many U.S newspapers. Although forced to abandon the project, but later finished it in Mexico. Him refusing to change the painting led to him being viewed as a revolutionary artist.
This mural caught my interest because of the amount of detail displayed, it showed an array of colors, and expressed many of the ideas going on during the 30’s. The controversy behind it was what caught my eye the most.
Entry 5: 2/ 15/ 15
The Rhetorical Precis:
Holes, written by Louis Sachar a book of juvenile fiction that tells the story of an unlucky boy named Stanley Roberts who goes on to discover a treasure that has been missing from his family for years. It begins with Stanley getting sent to a camp for something he didn’t do, the camp is in a desert field where the teens are put to build 5 feet deep holes. The purpose of him getting sent there wasn’t to find the hidden treasure, it was for punishment but as he stays there for longer he becomes friends with a boy named Zero who together help find clues for the treasure. The audience would be us kids or any mean adult that mistreats kids, because at the end of the book the camp directors are sent to jail and Stanley Roberts becomes a millionaire and helps get every kid at the camp out of there.
This book was the very first chapter books that I have ever read and I love it so much that I couldn’t stop reading it. I read it in 5th grade, and even know it still gets me very excited because I would wish I had his luck but he also had to go through a lot to get to where he is now. I guess that could be the moral of the story, that sometimes you have to start from the very bottom to reach the very top.
Rhetorical précis : (phora – sincerely yours) music album connecting the love life a a young teenager
Personal commentary : this albulm connects to me because of the struggle of the young love life of teenager know and days,they be children at a very young age and useing drugs to take the pain away of being a parents at a young age .this albulm shows how to prevent every thing like that ,it will change your perspective of a young teenagers life and love life .
In her article, “More money, more problems in Bay Area”, Caille Millner describes that the outcome of the citizens in the Bay Area, being significantly wealthier than the average Joe, creates problems for the people who are not as fortunate. San Francisco displays this more than any other city in the Bay Area. There, the more privileged people are starting to forget that people are people no matter how rich or poor. Millner explains that, “The wealthier people have less empathy.” Most of the wealthy do not understand the way the other peoples mindset works, which results in them thinking they are above the less fortunate. When there is more money around there are more problems, according to Caille Millner.
I agree with Caille Millner to a certain degree. Usually, when people have significantly more money than the lower middle class and the poor, they tend to create more problems. Problems such as, the wealthy believing that they are above the poor which results in political issues. Overall, the article, “More money, more problems in Bay Area” is accurate because it creates the feeling of imbalance amongst
Rhetorical Precis: On the history channel informs us on 9/11 and how it was for the people who were trapped in the twin towers and the twin towers surroundings. There is a video that shows us how and in where the planes hit on the two buildings in 3D. It shows in the video that the first plane hit on the 80th floor and had killed 100’s of people with the first blow. The second plane wrapped around and hit the second tower and almost 30-40 minutes later collapsed. The channels goal was to give an in depth look at what really happened that day in an understanding way. The short video is informative but really is and inside look of what happened. Personal Thoughts: I personally think that this was such a terrible event and that its really hard to watch any video on 9/11 even if it is in 3D.
Category : Art
Steven Higgins, in his photo International Workers Aid Passaic Textile Strike, portrays unhappy workers on strike due to the fact they had low pay, high working hours, and horrible working conditions. Higgins support the message that unhappy workers are on strike by displaying them outside of work in a picket line holding signs advocating for higher wages; the workers work with effort only to receive little pay. The author’s purpose is to show that the unskilled workers aren’t contempt with their job benefits and wants more from their employers; during the 1900s, United States was still developing and there was not much government regulation of business so employers paid any wages they wanted. This photo is intended for the public, government, and employers because they’re all connected to the economics of the country.
This portrait is an accurate description of the strikes during the 1900s. There were many strikes due to the low wages, bad working conditions, and long hours. I’m glad that now in the 21st century that we have government regulation of businesses to ensure workers’ rights that the employers cannot take away. Strikes have shaped America in a way because it allows the public to speak out and it causes good change in society. Strikes are important because once in a while we need one to maintain order and make sure no agencies or businesses become corrupt.
Cultural Literacy Week 5
David Bornstein, a journalist that supports continuous reporting about responses to social problems, claims that “When students are given chances to take learning into their own hands, the results can be impressive”. Bornstein talks about the innovational public School program called “Build”, which calls kids from low income families starting from the 9th grade, to create their own little businesses and, “[I]n the process, they discover — often to their surprise — their potential to deal with unexpected problems, persist through failure, and create something that the world values”. His purpose of talking about program “Build” is to not only show the importance of matureness, but to show how students can be involved in their own entrepreneurship and create their own curriculum of their products that they make, instead learning things that does not motivate children to grow into young adults. Bornstein intended audience is sent towards parents who would be interested in Builds’ motivational efforts and encouragement and high-schoolers as well who would want to learn how to become entrepreneurs, and step into the real world.
When I was in the 9th grade, many of my friends were in this great program and talking about these big time projects that they later on created then sold to people who would buy them. I was really impressed because some of the innovative creations that they came up with and put into action right away were sold immediately, because they were such great ideas. So when I heard about it I wanted to join but I was such a freshman! I couldn’t even find the person in charge of it! But now when I see that this program was on the NY times Opinion page, I am even more impressed by this program. The inspirational theory of teaching kids how doing work based on your very own creations is such a great idea that I would love to be apart of. It’s a good program for all to experience.
Book1: Their Eyes Are Watching God
Zora Neale Hurston, american folklorist, anthropologist and author, argues that women can control their own destiny. Throughout the book you see the main character ,Janie Crawford, chose 3 different men. The old man Johnny Taylor, The middle-aged mayor Jody Stalks, and the young fella Tea Cake. The three men show her a different side to life but in the end she chose her destiny. The purpose of this story was to empower women and tell them that they do have the freedom to chose the life they want to live. The intended audience is women and young girls because the story is more lenient to the ladies.
This is one of my favorite books. I enjoyed reading this novel. I feel like not many writers can connect to everyone through the view of a woman who has been through hell and back. Janie showed me that you can live the dream and that the first guy you meet or fall for isn’t going to be the one. She meets 3 completely different men and she learned something from each. With the last guy, Tea Cake, she finally learned how to live and love.
Sylvester Stallone, writer and star in his movie “Rocky” he establishes that hard work can go a long way. Stallone supports this by having smalltime boxer Rocky Balboa receive a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to enter the ring against heavy weight champion Apollo Creep and prove to himself that he could go the distance, he managed to last the whole fight and lost only due to points but in his heart Rocky won. Stallone’s purpose was to have Rocky to lose in order to show that you don’t have to be number one to be a winner. This movie is intended to help motivate its audience to try there best.
I love this movie. Rocky is such an interesting character. I found his speech to Adrian about going the distance beautiful.
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