Cultural Literacy Assignment Week Eight Period 4


Posted on March 7, 2015, in AP Language. Bookmark the permalink. 32 Comments.

  1. Rhetorical Precis:
    Marshall Kilduff, journalist for SFGate, claims that Seattle has taken the next step for their people of the lower-class that allows them to pay a more reasonable price for public transportation. Kilduff supports his claim by introducing the Seattle plan, informing readers on how Seattle has taken other steps forward for poorer families, comparing the city with San Francisco, and pointing out the flaws with the plan. Kilduff spotlights Seattle’s new transportational help and compares it to San Francisco’s in order to reveal that our golden city should consider adopting their method. The author merely states facts, building a trustworthy relationship between him and his audience.

    San Francisco should definitely take following Seattle into consideration. There are more kinks with our ways than with theirs. Seattle seems to be thinking more about their people than our city is. This method will encourage more families to use public transportation due to its decrease in pricing.

  2. Mary Bells, an inventors expert, in her informational article The History of the Electric Telegraph and Telegraphy asserts how important and revolutionary the out-dated telecommunication device was. Bells first gives a summary of the invention of the electromagnet, and the non-electric telegraph, then dives into detail containing information about Samuel Morse, the first message, it’s uses, and its rival the telephone. Her purpose is to educate readers about how influential the telegraph was. The audience for this piece is all readers.


    I remember learning about the telegraph in fourth grade. We even took a trip to a museum and saw a telegraph. A video on the old tonight show set up an experiment where the telegraph proves to faster than texting, which is cool considering how old it is. Reading this article rekindles a reader’s interest in technology.

  3. Brandon Giang

    Precis: Agatha Christie in her book-”Murder on the Orient Express” talks about a bunch of people from different backgrounds all together in a train traveling in Europe and then one morning a passenger is found dead and the detective on the train tries to figure out what happened. This is supported by the detective trying to solve the murder with the clues left behind but then finds out that all the passengers aboard contributed to the murder to get him back. The purpose is to confuse the reader to what happened in the murder and who did it so the reader would be hooked to finishing the book to see who killed him. The intended audience would be for people who love to solve crimes and kids.

    Commentary: I really enjoyed reading this book because I am one of the people who like to solve the mystery in these type of books and it was weird to me because I thought it was only 1 or 2 people but it was all 12 of them at the end and that really surprised me.

  4. In the article, A Bittersweet Bow for the Elephant, Janet M. Davis explains that the elephants in the Ringling Brothers circus will retire for good, by the year of 2018. For many years now there has been a “bittersweet” feeling about elephants performing in circuses. Even though the elephant is one of the key parts to a circus act, the owners have realized that it is inhumane to hold innocent elephants to such high standards. In some cities it is forbidden for these circus’ to perform, due to animal rights programs. This can be looked upon as negative because the entertaining elephants will no longer be performing in these wonderful Ringling Brothers acts. It can also be looked at as a very good for the elephants who will no longer have to go through the non-natural process of living through circus life.

    Personal Commentary:
    I strongly agree with the executives who made the decision to free the elephants in 2018. This gives elephants the chance to live the life they were meant to.

  5. Rhetorical Précis:
    The song “Something” from the album Abbey Road by the U.K. band, The Beatles, tells the story about a boy who loves a girl but is uncertain about many things that might happen in the future and is afraid to lose her. The band develops the story of the song by starting off with how much the boy admires the girl, repeating the phrase “I don’t know” to emphasize his uncertainty in the future, and using a more mellow music and tone compared to most of The Beatles’ other songs. The purpose of this song is to show a different but still a very common type of love story and build on the theme that is found in other songs of the same album — love. The intended audience for this song is practically everyone but especially those who are experiencing the same thing as the boy in the song because it gives those people something to relate to.

    Personal Commentary:
    Although I found the story in the song interesting, I don’t think it is something I would listen to. I’ve actually never listened to the Beatles before or even know much about them. It’s actually the first time I’ve looked into a concept album. I like the idea of a concept album but don’t really have one that I really like a lot. After looking up this song, I have an idea of who The Beatles are and what their music is like. It’s nice learning new things, however, like I mentioned earlier, the band is probably not for me.

  6. Rhetorical Precis
    Salvador Dali’s painting, The Persistence of Memory, implies that the dream state is an important aspect of surrealism. Dali depicts the dream state by portraying melting clocks that are decaying in a surreal landscape and also depicts important aspects of surrealism by using sarcasm in the title because the melting clocks make the audience think anything but persistent. The artist’s purpose is to show that it is difficult to keep track of time in the dream state as opposed to how the average purpose is able to do that during the day. Dali reaches an audience that is interested in surrealism and the different aspects of the dream state.

    Personal Commentary
    I can understand it is difficult to keep track of time when we’re sleeping because I often believe that it’s the middle of the night and then a couple seconds later, my alarm goes off to remind me it’s morning. I never knew much about surrealism but seeing this painting really intrigued me and made me want to learn more about this movement. It’s really interesting to see how people explored ideas in the 20th century.

    Anne Schraff author of the moving young-adult drama novel, “Secrets In The Shadows” asserts throughout the book that in life you don’t need a lavish lifestyle or wallet in order to be a better person and get a girl or attract a real mate. The form that Schraff shows her theme is showing the main character Roylin Bailey a heart break from trying to spoil a gold digger that only wanted him for money, for materialistic wealth, also giving Roylin an immense amount of sorrow after he accidentally kills his best friend to get money to pay for his gold digging girlfriends financial wantings. Throughout the novel Schraff’s purpose wasn’t only to show people that a person should love you for who you are as a person not for how fat your wallet is, but also to provide a relating experience to young African-American and colored people throughout the world. The intended audience for this novel is young African-Americans living in the hood as well as other young people of color needing some guidance in life, living in the less fortunate lifestyles of the U.S
    I first read this book when I was in 8th grade and really liked it. The book itself leaves a strong emotion of shock and awe, but in order to experience that you need to read it yourself, beautifully written for young adults of color in a form that we can connect to more, through language and diction, made it a book I’ll always remember. In a way makes me reflect on my childhood friends and role models,

  8. Andy Han........ Life ughhh ... sWag

    Category: Book

    Rhetorical Precis:
    In his renowned novel The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne constantly revisits the recurring theme of imperfection; thereby implies that faults are natural and that honesty will usher an individual through the guilt and weaknesses. Hawthorne follows the life of Hester Prynne who is shunned by her fellow colonists for committing adulterous acts and thus “branded” with a Scarlet Letter “A.” His purpose of authoring such an amazing literary work was to expose the hypocrisy of the Puritan way of life during the mid-17th century in Boston, Massachusetts; such as, Arthur Dimmesdale, who fathered Prynne’s daughter illegitimately, was a Puritan minister who kept his secret of infidelity from the Boston colony.(Dimmesdale went through horrid suffering protecting his secret and more importantly his identity; he was unable to bear the burden of hypocrisy and therefore physically scarring himself with a permanent Scarlet Letter similar to that of Prynne.) Hawthorne is able to appeal to a diverse and wide range of audiences of readers who love a literary classic, people who are interested in the Puritan lifestyle in early America, and those facing dilemmas by questioning morality.

    The simplicity of taking a common problem and the complexity of exploring every single aspect of it was bold but rather rewarding for Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne was an outspoken transcendentalist and this was self-evident in his writing style and content. He clearly attacks religion specifically Puritanism.(His ancestor, John Hathorne, presided over the Salem Witch Trial as a Puritan.) Transcendentalist believe in the inherent goodness in people and nature, but religion and politics will corrupt that same pure goodness. He did a great job expressing his beliefs through exposing the hypocrisy of Puritans. He also creates many themes and is able to develop those themes such as revenge, humanity, identity, guilt, justice, isolation, fate, and nature. I also very much appreciate the subtlety behind the names of his characters. He gets the award for Most Swag during the 19th century.

    Source: The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne

  9. Entry 8: 3/ 08/ 15
    The Rhetorical Précis:
    Revolutionary volume 2, by Immortal Technique raps about a lost love in the song “You never know” and raps about having no reason for those that lost their opportunity at life the first time in “Point of no return.” In the first song, he begins talking about how he began to talk to his love to the last time he was able to see her; In the 2nd song he gives examples of why people wouldn’t have a reason to come back to real life and how fucked up we are as humans. In “You never knows” his point is to show how good people will die way before a person that has done bad would die, and in “Point of no return” his main idea is to show you who he is and why he can’t be out in the streets and why anyone like him doesn’t have a point of return. The audience is everyone who is willing to hear real life problems that occur in the hood.

    Personal Commentary:
    Is hard to listen to immortal technique, you don’t just listen to it; you could actually feel the pain that he has gone through. Every phrase he has to say, can kick you right in the face and open up your eyes to life. Make you see life for what it really is, is a place that we can’t take for granted because you could die at any moment and not see it coming. We don’t have a destiny, we make our own goals and sadly some people’s living environments cause them to pick the wrong future but at the end of the day we all should feel happy to be able to breathe and be with those we love.

  10. Fernando Velasco

    Rhetorical Précis
    (Book) (A Dolls house by henrik Ibsen)The play is significant for its critical attitude toward 19th century marriage norms. It aroused great controversy at the time,[2] as it concludes with the protagonist, Nora, leaving her husband and children because she wants to discover herself.Ibsen was inspired by the belief that “a woman cannot be herself in modern society,” since it is “an exclusively male society, with laws made by men and with prosecutors and judges who assess feminine conduct from a masculine standpoint.

    Personal connection
    There isn’t a personal connection with this book from me but I can connect the high school community to this book . Bevause of the confusion and the miss believe of every one and how it’s hard to trust someone .

  11. Category : Book

    All Souls – Michael Patrick MacDonald

    Michael Patrick MacDonald, an inspirational and heart touching author, wrote All Souls, an autobiography about his family’s hardships and endeavors in the ghetto parts of South Boston where violence and crime was rampant; his autobiography suggest that it was natural for one to not care about another’s death because they saw it everyday and got used to seeing all the crimes and drug trades happening in his neighborhood. Michael began the autobiography by describing his childhood and his family and their situation living day by day with a deeply troubled and dangerous neighborhood where people witnessed violence, but no one did anything to stop it. His purpose is to draw attention for other people living in the ghettos to help out the less unfortunate and lower the crime rates; he draws support for the community and is currently working nationally with survivor families and young people to get to a better place out of the life of crime and drugs. The audience this is most suited for is the government and the public because they’re able to pass laws and provide violence relief programs to those who needs it the most.

    I enjoyed reading this book, but everyday was sad. I couldn’t imagine myself if MacDonald’s shoes. As a little kid of 12 siblings, he has witnessed many deaths of him losing family members. His father left them with all with their mom. Their mom works really hard day by day barley to make enough. The older siblings would steal food to be able to provide enough for the family. His brother was arrested in drug operations and others died due to gang violence. This was a sad book to read, but opened my eyes to see how fortunate I am to be in school and not living in the ghettos. The message MacDonald was trying to deliver is that going to school pays off and get you out of a place of crime and violence into a better life.

    Andy Li

  12. Michelle Chen

    Mary Bellis, author of the article “The History of the Telephone-Alexander Graham Bell”, educates us on the creator of the telephone, what it is, and how it was invented it. Bellis supports this with a picture of Bell’s telephone and the introduction of what had happened when Bell first invented the telephone and how he tried to improve the telegram that let him to the creation of telephones. The purpose of this article is to inform people about Bell’s accidental creation of telephone and the timeline of what had happened from the start of the invention. This article is aimed towards people who are interested in the history of technology.

    I was very involved in this article since technology has a huge impact on society right now. I got to see how phones first started and their first appearance. It showed me the huge difference of phones from the start to now; I realized that technology has impacted us so much because of the new improvements.

  13. Rhetorical Precis:
    George Orwell, in his book Animal Farm, mocks the Soviet Union and suggests that attempting to create a utopia is futile and can lead to a situation worse off where civilians will undergo harsher conditions than before. This novel portrays his opinion as a lesson that can be learned in a fairytale where farm animals can speak and sustain themselves after overthrowing their farmer. The author’s purpose was to create a similar instance to Russia during the New Soviet Union’s establishment under Stalin in order to do what others feared and uncover the shrewdness of it’s conditions. While writing Animal Farm, he targeted the people affected by Stalin.

    I thoroughly enjoyed this book because it was easy to understand and interesting to read. Before I read this book I was warned that it was crazy and unusual because it was about animals that took over their farm with pigs as their leaders. It seemed interesting enough but I was not particularly interested in reading it until I had someone hand it to me. However I am glad I did because I really enjoyed it. My favorite part was being able to make connections with the characters in the book and who they resembled in this world.

  14. Book – Brave New World – Aldous Huxley

    Rhetorical Precis

    In his book, Brave New World, Aldous Huxley asserts that corruption and abuse of power can be easily achieved in an utopian society through the use of powerful technologies that can manipulate a person’s physical and mental state. Huxley begins by giving the reader a detailed description of the Hatchery factory that can manipulate an infant’s mental and physical state, turning them into robots that work to benefit the World State and as the story continues, the corruption in the utopian society can be seen in the use of the dependent drug, soma, which makes the citizens hallucinate and allows them to escape from the flaws of reality. Huxley’s purpose is to show that although a utopian society may be desirable, it may not be the best option for society because it can easily lead to abuse of power by powerful governments and with technological advances, citizens can be manipulated and programmed to do certain task for their entire life. Huxley writes this book to a general audience and made the book relatable by using the characters Bernard and Lenina to show how people interact in a utopian society.

    Personal Commentary

    When I was reading this book, I thought about how advances in genetic engineering can lead to problems shown in this book. For example, being able to manipulate a baby’s physical trait and mental trait like being tall, short, intelligent, and dumb can be achieved through genetic engineering in the future and it can lead to horrible consequences. States can use this technology to make people work like robots that will make the economy better just like in this book. People’s identity and value will be stripped away because they have been genetically altered to perform a specific task and they have no choice. I really enjoyed reading this book because it is about science and futuristic society which is interesting to me. The interactions between Bernard and John was interesting because it kind of shows the differences between reality and the utopian world. When Bernard went to the reservation, it was like traveling back to the past when European settlers arrived in America and though Native Americans were savages and uncivilized. Overall, I thought this was a great book.

    – Guan Li

  15. Nick Taylor, author of the article, The Great Depression, and book, “American-Made”, informs the general public of the history of the Great Depression and the drastic effects it had on the society in the 1930s. He develops the article with detailed information of how the Great Depression was caused by the stock market crash of “Black Tuesday” as well as a series of losses during that time. Taylor also includes information on how the crash of the stock market led to the foreclosures and repossessions of the homes, cars, furniture, and appliances of the people of America as they were all bought with credit in the 1920s as well as farmland being taken away from farmers. And because of all of this, the rate of unemployment in the country shot up to 25%. In addition, Taylor includes vital information on the president’s role and actions during this time period as President Herbert Hoover took no direct action in helping the system and therefore was not re-elected. Instead, Franklin Roosevelt won the election and took direct action to aid those who were forgotten and at the bottom of the economic pyramid. The purpose for Taylor to write this article was to shed a light on a very tragic time in US history by informing the general public. Many people, like myself, were aware of the Great Depression but didn’t fully understand the severity of the impact that it had on the nation. The audience of this article is for the general public as it is a pivotal aspect of American history and is what helped shape America as we know it today.
    I thought this article was extremely interesting as we are currently reading about the Great Depression in AP US History. I felt as though Nick Taylor provided a lot of information that acted as a supplement reading to better my understanding of the effects that this event had on society during that time. The text book that we have for history does provide us with information on the event; however, Taylor ties all the events together and presents them in an easy to read and comprehend format that only contains the most important information. Although I don’t usually enjoy reading about history, I did in fact very much enjoy reading this article as I believe that it is important for everyone to understand the impact that the Great Depression had on America and its citizens.

  16. Rhetorical Précis

    Liza Donnelly, an editorial cartoonist for the NY times asserts the strong influence a cartoon can make in her opinion article “Cartoonist and the Work of Healing”. Liza gives her own thoughts about the rights of a cartoonist, relating to the current assassinations of many cartoonists from newspaper, Charlie Hebdo. Her purpose is to aspire people to fight for freedom of speech and to show that people should not be terrorized for your opinions. The main audience for this article is all people from ages but especially the young ones to show them not to be afraid for what they stand for.

    Personal Commentary

    The case of Charlie created a unity which rose my curiosity to see what a cartoonist thinks at this moment. I thought this would make artists go into to hiding due to the current events but it caused the opposite, creating a community within people.

    Opinion article: Cartoonist and the Work of Healing

    -Ulysses Gonzalez Pd.4

  17. Personal Precis

    This article, poor youths found to get less learning time in school than rich, by Jill Tucker writes about how wealth and poor obtains different learning time even though there is state laws about requirement days and minutes of school. Tucker explains in his article that often, poor youth in a poor environment spend more time on tardies to class, getting the class prepared, getting the class to focus than those in a wealthier environment. Also, the absence of teachers and the struggle to find substitutes also play a part in lessening learning time for students.This article brings light on to the actual amount of learning time students get when they are in a poor environment. By shining light into this subject, it brings attention to school districts and states to pay more attention to those who need it, provide necessary equipment to increase learning times for kids.

    Personal Comments:

    This article really showed me how the difference of wealth can change education even if state law is protecting us. I never would have thought that even the beginning of classes and trying to get attention or the tardiness of kids, could affect our studies. After reading this article, it does change my perspective of why teachers wish to cut back on getting attention and more on starting the class as quickly as possible.

  18. Zachary Katzman

    “If an Algorithm Wrote This, How Would You Even Know?” by Shelley Podolny

    Rhetorical Précis: Shelley Podolny, in her article “If an Algorithm Wrote This, How Would You Even Know”, suggests that algorithms have begun to be used more often as a replacement for human writers, and it’s very hard to tell. She begins by giving some examples of machine-created articles, then describing how companies have used algorithms in this way, and finally comparing these “robo-journalists” to real people. Podolny aims to help readers realize just how much technology is being integrated into society. She engages the reader by describing just how much of an impact this could have on what it means to be human.

    Personal Commentary: This issue is intriguing, and it not only shows the advancement of our society but how this advancement may backfire. Podolny is asking whether or not it’s worth it to have machines doing so much for us. I think that this is good to a certain extent; however, I think we’ve past that extent already. Technology is useful when it helps humans, but when we try to make it into a human, it serves the wrong purpose. This is a really difficult topic to talk about, because it’s hard to tell just how far is too far.


  19. Precis

    The movie Forrest Gump, directed by Robert Zemeckis, tells the life story of a man who is less intelligent than the average man. Throughout the story, Gump is a prominent figure in pivotal points of history during the era in which the movie is based in. The main theme of the movie is regardless of the situation you were born into or experience, in life everything is about perspective and anything is possible with the right determination. Another general over arching theme in the story is friendship and love. Gump manifests many friendships throughout the story, which all effect his decision making and growth as a character.


    I thought the movie was very sweet. The movie is full of different moods which I surprisingly enjoyed. I liked that I could laugh out loud in some scenes and in other I could be on the verge of tears. The story was written very well and I liked how the transitions into different moods were not awkward or forced. Overall the story was very inspiring and humbling. It puts life into perspective, especially regarding happiness and friendship, and how people go about the two in my generation.

  20. Current opinion
    Topic: Gentrification by Benjamin Grant
    Grant explains that gentrification is when newer, wealthier individuals buy property in a once low rate neighborhood because of cheapness and a certain “character” it possess, and create a more expensive block. Usually by beautifying the surroundings and sending word of a new neighborhood to live in to other richer families, who raise the property tax and isolate them. More often rich, white people are doing so and it creates a racial line between minorities whom previously lived as tenants and now are kicked out by rising prices. The positivity of this is only enjoyed by the new home owners, which is why the term is used negatively suggesting poor communities are displaced by rich outsiders.
    Personal statement:
    My cousin talks about this a lot about the area around Grand Ave where I now live, and he also mentioned that how my family now moved in we’re raising property tax, hence the same as contributing to gentrification. At first, I thought it was all stupid and that he had said “gingerfication” by faulty hearing on my end, but it’s pretty true if you look around.

  21. Megan Erickson

    In the article “Race, History, a President, a Bridge” writer and journalist Charles M. Blow asserts his opinions on the “meaning of Bloody Sunday.” Blow uses examples such as President Obama’s recent speech on the anniversary of the tragic event, happenings after the Civil War, and the popular Ferguson case to explain his reasoning in his ideas. Blow wants to convey his theory of Selma being similar to current events in America today and influence those who do not see the racism and comparison that he sees to stand up for their rights. These people are also who Charles M. Blow targets as his audience.

    This article interested me by the amount of examples Blow uses. Though it is not hard to find an argument like his, Blow’s event reference helps me to see his point in a different light. He differentiates his ideas from others’ by seeing connections in current events and Bloody Sunday that many would have never thought of.

  22. Jerald Quintos

    Rhetorical Precís: The film “Schindler’s List” directed by Steven Spielberg shows the hardships Jews endured throughout World War II that changed them forever. Spielberg shows throughout the movie how the Nazi officers brutally treated Jews, for example Amon Goeth, a Nazi officer was shooting prisoners from his balcony or making the men and women of the camp run around nude, he along with other officers executed prisoners if they did their jobs inefficiently. The purpose of this film is to show that even somebody from the Nazi party was willing to help the Jewish people, in order to change the view of the audience that all Nazis wanted eradication of the Jews when in reality all did not, in this case Oskar Schindler who saved 1,200 Jewish lives. The intended audience for this film is anybody since everybody knows about the Holocaust.

    Personal Commentary: I went into this movie thinking that it wouldn’t be as gory and intense as people said it would be, but I was completely wrong. Spielberg did an excellent job at making the Nazis be as menacing as possible. The film was very long but it was very interesting and I would definitely recommend it to somebody.

  23. Source:

    Rhetoric precis: David Kestenbaum, an American radio correspondent, suggests that light was not an easy object obtain. Kestenbaum explains this concept by interviewing historians and theorizing how much a working class from 4000 years ago would get light from a fire while comparing to how much we get light from bulbs. His purpose was to inform the listener of how expensive light is as it is opposed to today. The targeted audience for his show is a range of middle school students to a curious scholar.

    Personal Commentary: The thought of light being worth an amount of money never occurred to me before. Comparing today’s wages and from 4000 years ago, it almost seems silly to waste one’s money on light. This just only shows how much we take for granted as something as necessary as light.

  24. Rhetorical Precis:

    New York Times columnist, David Brooks, in his article “Conflict and Ego” addresses ISIS and how America cannot keep playing their same game. Brooks first starts off by talking about conflicts in general and how sometimes letting your pride get in the way just causes more trouble , and then explains that we cannot fight ISIS by killing theirs when they kill ours or using their form of terrorism in return, in hopes for revenge. His purpose is to not just express that they are handling it all wrong, but to explain that their is a better way to fight back. Brooks want to reach an audience that needs to rethink how they handle certain situations.
    Personal Commentary:

    Unfortunately I’m not completely informed with what’s going on with ISIS, but i do have to say that I agree with Brooks. No matter how much you want to take someone down you do not have to become them too do it. There are different ways to get revenge or to resolve a conflict, but depending on how you do decide to handle it, you’ll just end up in a brutal never ending cycle. I get that you want to be the one that looks the toughest in the end, but it comes to other peoples lives it should be clear that you need to rethink your tactics.

  25. Précis:
    Coldplay, a British rock band, in their album “Mylo Xyloto” suggests that with love, any corruption can be conquered. Coldplay uses the songs in the album to tell the story of a boy named Mylo and girl named Xyloto who fall in love but are subject to a supremacist government in an Orwellian society, but are able to have a happy ending despite the odds. Coldplay’s purpose is to illustrate, through their thematic rock opera, that love can get someone through any situation and that it can survive even through the worst settings. Coldplay uses songs with varying tempos and moods to keep the listeners listening and interested in the story of Mylo and Xyloto.

    I’ve always been a fan of Coldplay, but honestly, there are many of their songs that I couldn’t name off the top of my head. Actually, I probably couldn’t name a good half of them. I’ve always stuck to the most popular ones such as “The Scientist” and “Yellow” but as I sat down and listened to the entire “Mylo Xyloto” album, I realized what I’ve been missing. Although I quite liked this album and two of my most listened to Coldplay songs are on it (“Paradise” and “Charlie Brown”, it’s not necessarily my favorite. I found some of the songs to be sort of forgettable; however, I don’t regret listening to any of the songs.

  26. Flamehorse, a historian from, in his article Top 10 Important Events in US History delves into detail about the September 11th attack, and conveying that nothing of its kind can happen again. Flamehorse develops his thesis by first, establishing the setting, and giving background, then by saying no terrorist or american plane will strike again because no terrorist of any culture or motive can ever again be trusted not to kill himself and innocent bystanders for the goal of entering Heaven. He wraps it up by explaining how pivotal 9/11 was for America. The authors purpose is to asses and share the importance of 9/11. The intended audience is american citizens.

    I was in pre-school for the 9/11 attacks, but I remember years later hearing about how scared everyone was. Many conspiracy theories came out after. Its a messed up world out there, and the 9/11 attacks threw our country into economic recession and war.

  27. Fernando Velasco

    Rhetorical précis
    (Book) (The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams) The play has strong autobiographical elements, featuring characters based on Williams himself, his histrionic mother, and his mentally fragile sister Laura. In writing the play, Williams drew on an earlier short story, as well as a screenplay he had written under the title of The Gentleman Caller.
    The play premiered in Chicago in 1944. After a shaky start it was championed by Chicago critics Ashton Stevens and Claudia Cassidy, whose enthusiasm helped build audiences so the producers could move the play to Broadway where it won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award in 1945.

    Personal connection
    I have no personal connection with this book but my friend does his baby brother was born a special kid. He has suffered a lot, my friend told me that he was been in numerous sergerys and in a lot of pain.

  28. NaTalia Johnson

    Book4: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn
    Mark Twain, american author and humorist, shows a different side of racism. The main character huckleberry and a slave named Jim show the reader true meaning of friendship. Mark shows this by writing about how Finn tries to help free Jim. The purpose of this book was to show how not everyone acted the same about slavery. Having a young white male and an older black male be friends gives the reader hope. THe audience is everyone because the is a universal message.

    My Commentary:
    I really enjoyed this book. I like the style of writing that Mark Twain has been famous for. After reading the book it gave me a deeper understanding that i think a lot of people tend to forget and thats how everyone is different. Finn didn’t care what anyone else thought about his relationship with Jim and he even tried to set Jim free, witch was a big deal back then. Risking his life to help a friend is more than anyone could ask for. I realized that i haven’t been a good friend to the people who matter to me the most and now i’m going to make a better effort and try hard to make all my relationships count.

  29. Janet Ibikunle

    Rhetorical Precís

    Category: Movie

    Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise, the spectacular directors of the movie “West Side Story”, implies sophisticated dance and puerto rican music to employ musical romance, and a plot that uniquely resembles William Shakespeare’s “Romeo & Juliet”, to promote ethos in this Broadway inspired film. Robbins & Wise uses drama, thriller, romance, and musical themes to sustain the two main characters in the beginning, ending with the thriller which as well come with ethos at the end when Tony is shot when trying to run towards Maria. They also do this to tell the tale of Romeo and Juliet, showing that the two gangs, the Jets and the Sharks feud, had come to an end.Given the modern Puerto Rican theme of Romeo and Juliet,the audience can sense the tragedy coming however, instead of more tragedy, there is only one person who died instead on two, meaning that there is less ethos than expected.

    Personal Commentary:

    West Side Story is my favorite movie because the music just brings life to the movie. (Off Topic), but my favorite conductor and musician, played/conducted many songs for this movie which is very cool. Story wise the amount of dancing and and sing and acting are very well balanced, and sometimes, the story may make you laugh, cry, or be filled with thrill. Everytime I watch this movie, I always cry at the end. Alot of ethos. lol

  30. Janet Ibikunle

    *Puerto Rican *of two

  31. Janet Ibikunle

    *Michael Morgan played/conducted

  32. Rhetorical Precis

    Pablo Picasso famous painter and sculptor in his painting “Girl before a Mirror” he asserts how being self-conscious can affect the way you look at yourself. Pablo reflects this idea onto his painting by having the woman outside the mirror radiant with light and marked with a sun-like shape on her face while the reflection is dark and has a moon-like shape on her face, The features seem to also be more exaggerated in the reflection. Picasso did this to help display the thoughts of people who are self-conscious of their look in order to make others more understanding. Picasso attempts to appeal to to his audience from a place of understanding.

    Personal Commentary

    I enjoy looking at Picasso’s work, he’s a very creative and talented artist. This painting is amazing.

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